Aikido is a martial art of self-defense, therefore its techniques are presented in the same context.
Learning skills always starts from the simplest attacks, in order that through the learning process you can advance to most complicated ones, such as combo attacks.
Students are first explained type of attacks and the manner of their execution, and after that the movements of selected techniques of Aikido that represents the response to a given attack. In Aikido we are not able to hire people who would just carry out attacks on our training so that the students could practice a defense against these attacks, it is essential that teachers first insist on practicing the attack (punches by hand, kick, grip, etc.). This segment is called aikido atemi waza. When it is mastered to some extent, it is possible to move on to practice aikido techniques.
This is done with a demonstration of techniques by the teacher. The technique was first performed several times at full speed and with maximum power so that the students get a good picture of what to practice and why they exercise it and then demonstration slows down, emphasizing important moments for the functioning of technique. The physical techniques of Aikido are always presented in its entirety.
After the completion of the demonstration, the students line in pairs and begin to practice the demonstrated techniques. Practicing is performed alternately, as one of the partners is practicing attack and the other one practices the defense and vice versa.
In this part, practice od the attacks and defense is performed slowly. The reason is to learn motor skills and movement techniques to reduce the possibility of injury to students.
During this time, the teacher moves around the room, from pair to pair and corrects detected errors. If mistake is noticed that is common to a larger number of students, teacher then stops the training and again demonstrates the technique with special emphasis on the correction of detected errors.
The causes of errors can be varied: insufficient attention in demonstration of the technique, poor motor skills, the inability to understand the technique and others.
Error correction is performed with the individual attention to each student, but the teacher can introduce the cycle of exercises that improves some of the motor abilities (focus pads for precision shots, repeating specific movements until there is an increase in the speed of that movement, a certain strength exercises, etc.)
Later, when the students learn the technique well, we proceed to its repetition with maximum intensity and amplitude.
This way of learning aikido techniques focuses mainly on physical techniques. But since in Aikido we also study the use and defense against weapons such as a wooden stick, sword and knife, the concept of the training varies.
In weapon use training, whole technique has also being demonstrated, but thereafter the movements are divided into smaller, simpler and shorter parts which are taught. The reason for this is very simple. One "kata" (a system of movements, for example - 37 divided movements) with the stick is too long and complex to be able to overcome at the first sight. Therefore, after a demonstration by the teacher, only the first three movements of the kata are repeated. After they are mastered, the next two movements from the series are demonstrated for the exercise as well. When students overcome them too, these two new movements are added to the previous three that have already been mastered, and now all five movements are practiced as a whole. When the whole series of 5 movements is well rehearsed, students acquire two new movements, which will be added to the previous series of 5 movements as soon as they are well trained. This pattern is used until all 37 movements are well understood. After that practicing kata is carried out continuously in its entirety, all 37 movements together, from the first to the last move.